RECs: Balancing Supply and Demand
New Hampshire, like the rest of New England, does not have a large renewable energy infrastructure. As a result, our state currently has a rated renewable energy generation capacity of 14 percent of total electricity when actual generation is around 8 -10 percent.
What We are Up Against:
- New Hampshire is not well-suited for large-scale production of solar electricity.
- Most promising wind energy sites are usually located far away from the nearest interconnection with the regional power grid.
- A relative scarcity of renewable energy producers has led to demand for more RECs in some categories than the available supply.
- All RECs we produce don’t always stay here.
RECs Can be Exported
Even though the renewable generation might be here, that doesn’t mean we get the credit. Many of the older biomass facilities also qualify as renewable resources for other New England states. Often, it is to their financial advantage to export their Renewable Energy Certificates to those states.
As a result, the market price for RECs (which are necessary to comply with the RPS) can increase to the point where Alternate Compliance Payments are less costly.